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  • Writer's pictureEmma Aslett

A Guide to Understanding Probate Process in England and Wales

Updated: Feb 26

The probate process is a crucial legal procedure that takes place in the United Kingdom after an individual passes away. This process involves validating the deceased person's will and administering their estate. Here is a brief overview to help you understand the key aspects of the probate process in the United Kingdom.


Initiating Probate Process


The probate proceedings typically begin with the application for a Grant of Probate, which is a legal document issued by the court. If there's no valid will, the process is known as obtaining Letters of Administration. This step provides the executor or administrator with the legal authority to manage the deceased person's assets.


Identifying Assets and Liabilities


The next stage involves creating an inventory of the deceased person's assets and liabilities. This includes properties, bank accounts, investments, and debts. A comprehensive list is essential for accurate distribution among beneficiaries and for settling outstanding debts.


Valuation of the Estate


Professional valuations of the assets within the estate are often required. This step ensures that the true value of the estate is determined for tax purposes and fair distribution among beneficiaries.


Inheritance Tax


Inheritance Tax (IHT) may apply, depending on the estate's value. Executors or administrators are responsible for calculating and settling any IHT owed to HM Revenue and Customs. Certain exemptions and reliefs may apply, so seeking professional advice is advisable.


Probate Registry


Once all necessary documents are prepared, they are submitted to the Probate Registry. This includes the Grant of Probate or Letters of Administration, the will (if applicable), and an oath sworn by the executor or administrator.


Administering the Estate


With the Grant of Probate in hand, the executor can begin the process of distributing assets according to the deceased person's wishes. Debts and taxes owed by the estate are settled during this phase.


Final Accounts


Executors are required to prepare final accounts, detailing all financial transactions during the administration of the estate. These accounts are submitted to beneficiaries and the court for approval.


Distribution of Assets


After all debts, taxes, and expenses are settled, the remaining assets can be distributed to the beneficiaries as outlined in the will or according to intestacy laws if there is no will.


Closing the Estate


Once all tasks are complete, the executor can apply to the court to officially close the estate. This involves providing evidence that all legal requirements have been fulfilled.


Seeking Professional Assistance


Navigating the probate process can be complex, and seeking professional legal advice is often recommended. Solicitors specializing in probate matters can provide valuable guidance to ensure a smooth and legally compliant administration of the estate.



Understanding the probate process is crucial for individuals involved in administering an estate in the UK. Seeking professional assistance can simplify the process and ensure that all legal requirements are met, providing peace of mind during a challenging time.


Please contact me, should you need help or have questions!


Emma Aslett Probate Lawyer




0207 183 4595


The information provided in this article is not intended to constitute professional advice and you should take full and comprehensive legal, accountancy or financial advice as appropriate on your individual circumstances by a fully qualified Solicitor, Accountant or Financial Advisor/Mortgage Broker before you embark on any course of action.

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